Lutte biologique et écologie spatiale                                              Biological control and Spatial Ecology
News
October 2015

01/08/2015 A new paper on the global distribution of intensively farmed chicken and pigs. See here....

07/04/2015
A new paper on bat distribution in Thailand, in the context of Nipah virus prevention. See here....

27/03/2015 A new paper in PNAS
with Thomas Van Boeckel, former lab member, on global antimicrobial resistance in food animals. See here...

01/12/2014 Two new PhD students
joined the group. Yann Forget will work on urban growth models in Africa as part of the MAUPP project  and Jean Artois will work on the spatial epidemiology of avian influenza as part of the NIH project. More info about the group here...

28/10/2014 A new paper in PNAS
on the use of mobile phone data to map human population. Check out the video here... More info on the paper here...


About the lab

Spatial epidemiology studies the spatial factors determining the emergence, spread and persistence of infectious and vector-borne diseases, invasive species and insect pests, with the aim to identifying important risk factors, map their distribution, and contribute to better prevention, surveillance and control. Over the years, our research has developped over four major axes, detailed below.


Livestock diseases. We have primarily been working on a better understanding of the geography of avian influenza (AI H5N1, H7N9) with particular emphasison the role of agro-ecological factors. Over the years, we have also been involved in research on  other diseases of livestock,  including bovine tuberculosis, foot and mouth disease, bluetongue, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, and Nipah virus infections.  Read more...


Mapping Livestock. The geographical distribution of livestock (cattle, sheep, goat, pig, chicken, duck, buffaloes, camels) is a key driver of the distribution of diseases and  has important environmental impacts at a global scale in terms of direct pollution through manure managment, greenhouse gaz emissions and contribution to antimicrobial resistance. Our work aim to better map the distribution of livestock production at a global scale, with some special emphasis on intensive livestock production and projections. Read more... 


Mapping human population. For many low-income countries of the World where disease burden is greatest, spatially detailed, contemporary census data on human population are missing. As partner of the Worldpop consortiumn, we are working on improving human population distribution maps in Africa and on urban expansion model that would allow us to project how the distribution of human population may change over time. Read more... 


Modelling geographical invasions
Invading organisms spreading though a heterogeneous landscape are difficult to study using conventional statistical models. We aim to develop new methodology to study those type of data, to review existing methods, and to compare all methods in their capacity to detect the influence of landscape heterogeneity on the pattern of spread. Read more...



 
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